Hypothesis – quantum entanglement and search for extraterrestrial intelligence
A the time of an observation, through a measurement of some kind, the collapse of the wave function, that describes two or more states linked by quantum entanglement takes place. This prevents the second state from receiving from the first one information that can be measured.
In fact the measurement process destroys that bond. No information can be extracted, even if in the absence of a measuring observer there is simultaneous information that is transferred from one state to another.
Let’s imagine that those two states are typically two elementary particles that have interacted with each other at least once. And let’s continue to imagine separating these two particles: one remains in our laboratory, and the other is taken to another laboratory that is very far away from the first.
It will happen that at the moment we observe (for example using an electron microscope) the particle in our laboratory will instantly be modified in its quantum parameters.
For example, if it is an electron, its spin will be instantly changed from +1/2 to -1/2, but at that exact instant the other particle will have its spin going from -1/2 to +1/2 .
It is therefore said, that the two particles are correlated by quantum entanglement, which was already predicted with the famous thought experiment that led to the “EPR Paradox” over 30 years before the existence of the entanglement was experimentally confirmed by Dr. Alain Aspect in 1982.
However, when the distant observer tries to confirm the change he will never see that the particle in the other laboratory has its spin, which has become +1/2, because in observing it, he changes its spin to -1/2, and the inversion of the spin will also occur in the particle in our laboratory.
It follows, that no information sent by entanglement can be measured without being disturbed by the act of observation.
Only that particle will know that information, and not those who are observing.
So transmitting information through quantum entanglement is actually impossible, precisely because of the uncertainty principle that underlies quantum mechanics.
However, it is possible to transfer information via quantum teleportation.
Using two pairs of entangled particles, it is possible to transfer information from a transmitter to a remote receiver.
In order to do this it is necessary to place a receiver at the point of arrival before carrying out the experiment.
But, using quantum teleportation to instantly send information from one point to another imposes prohibitive conditions: that of going first by conventional means (at a very subluminal speed) to the point of arrival and placing a receiver right there, which would require an absurd journey time if the distance is several light-years, or much more. I must add that no, this is not the teleportation method seen in the Star Trek series. The reason for all this is that in order to confirm the reception of a piece of information by quantum means, a classic means is needed that is a system that sends information through an electromagnetic signal.
So the receiver could confirm the occurrence of teleportation only through electromagnetic waves, which are not instantaneous, but can only go at a tortoise-like speed of light.
Here, then, quantum teleportation would be fine to exchange information only at short distances, perhaps between the Earth and our Moon, but not at great distances (on the scale of light-years, for example), because it would take years to obtain confirmation that the teleportation has taken place. Again I must remind it is always information, and never a physical teleportation, and that in the reference system of the quantum state itself. Both at the level of transmission and of reception, the information would be perceived instantly, but only by that quantum state and not by us who are observing and measuring scientifically.
Therefore quantum entanglement and its teleportation derivative, or even quantum cryptography is not very useful in exchanging information instantly.
We now make the non-canonical hypothesis that the entanglement mechanism can also describe the phenomenon of telepathy between two persons, instead of two particles.
There is no scientific proof of this on the basis of a mathematically structured physical model yet, but there are impressive qualitative descriptions by witnesses, and sometimes even “experimental confirmations” using nuclear magnetic resonance of the brains of two people after one of them has been stimulated.
It would follow that in this case, information from the psyche of a person would be transferred instantly to the psyche of the other person, because it is expected that the psyche, unlike a tool for detecting physical events, is not a physical system of “observation” which makes the wave function that unites that couple of people collapse.
The receiver would instantly record information from the other person, perhaps in the form of images, smells, sounds, or even words.
The problem is that this completely subjective information cannot be measured and consequently shared in any way beyond anecdotal, and this works against the criteria of the scientific method and reproducibility.
The person who received the telepathic message is fully aware of it, but cannot register it numerically anywhere except inside his own consciousness. That is why for now, until we shall have a mathematical theory capable of describing the physics behind telepathy (which could describe a process that resembles entanglement, but maybe it is that plus something else that is still unknown) in the same the way in which we mathematically describe any other physical theory, telepathy does not exist for science, even if it exists for the consciousness of the individual, or a group of people linked by some common bond.
In short, it seems that the instantaneous transmission of information is completely impossible, scientifically speaking, either due to the constraints imposed by quantum theory or because of the limits due to the non-measurability of telepathic information.
There may indeed be a way to scientifically acquire information sent via the entanglement mechanism. And here I refer to the hypothesis of Dr. Fred Thaheld, American quantum biophysicist.
This hypothesis postulates that, since before the cosmological inflation all of the known universe was contained in a singularity that could therefore interact with itself, after the expansion and formation of the universe as we know it today, that ancient bond has been maintained.
We do not know how and where to look for this ancient entanglement link, and based on which physical parameters exactly.
And even if we find them, it would not be useful to receive information due to the reasons discussed above.
But if this entanglement is widespread everywhere, perhaps also thanks to the virtual particles of the quantum vacuum that would function as a “triangulation” between the void and the particle matter as some theoretical physicists believe, it would also act on the semi-macroscopic matter, such as brain neurons. These neurons are composed of microtubules made up of molecules, atoms and particles.
Suppose that the conditions present in the brain can avoid the phenomenon of decoherence as noted by the anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff. This could be due to a particular insulating “gel” inside the microtubules, which in fact exists, and in turn would destroy the quantum information: so the entanglement mechanism could really take place.
But this time the information would be measurable. We would no longer have only two quantum states communicating with each other via entanglement, but we would have a quantum state that (even from far away) communicates instantly with another quantum state, which would then trigger processes within a classical state, which is in fact measurable deterministically.
What kind of classical state?
The EEG bioelectric tracing of the brain, according to Dr. Thaheld.
At that point it would be enough to go and see what happens inside this EEG track. We can completely ignore the amplitude and morphology of the sinusoids of the brain waves at the various frequencies. But we can verify whether within the cerebral “noise” there are coded signals that can be decoded, assuming that that they can be detected using an FFT or KLT algorithm. All this can be obtained after rectifying the sinusoids of brain wave into a straight line using a polynomial interpolation.
In this way it would be possible to transmit even complex information directly into the brain using the entanglement mechanism, which in this case would only function as a “trigger.” And this would always be measurable if this working hypothesis is not refuted in the test phase.
In summary: a quantum mechanism would be used that functions as a trigger for information that would then be detected using a classical method, where there is no collapse of the wave function.
It is all too evident that this hypothesis is provable or refutable by analyzing a person’s bioelectric brainwave, using the highest possible resolution in the domain of amplitudes, frequencies and times.
And then, after polynomial rectification of the EEG sinusoidal brainwave, scanning it using a sophisticated algorithm identical to the one used in the analysis of SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) signals, and verifying if in the presence of a possible anomalous signal the ratio between the amplitudes of the sinusoids (for example between the Alpha waves and the waves Theta) is subject to particular variations. Because we do not know if these measurable signals are correlated with possible “telepathic images” perceived precisely at the moment of the arrival of the signal directly in the brain.
The beauty of all this is that such an experiment can actually be done. We have all the means to do it, using a selected sample of persons.
If the discussed hypothesis were not refuted then we would demonstrate two hypothesized scenarios:
1) The entanglement mechanism is widespread throughout the universe because matter, animated and otherwise has never lost the “memory of an ancient interaction” experienced before the big Bang;
2) Other advanced civilizations in the Universe, even billions of light-years away from us, or even from other universes or other dimensions, have the technology to transmit and receive, in real time, intelligently coded messages using this method.
Where would all this come from?
Perhaps inside the laboratory of a planet belonging to a star of a very distant galaxy, where neural cells would be irradiated using laser beams and/or pulsing magnetic fields, whose amplitude would perhaps be modulated with times of the order of nanosecond in such a way as to contain an entire message, which then the receiver should identify and then decode.
Maybe in this way someone could send to us the plans to build a spaceship able to teleport directly to their planet through the quantum-relativistic teleportation mechanism by taking precise “spacetime tunnels” whose entrances could perhaps be scattered here and there in some areas of our planet or near it, if we were so lucky.
And the beauty of this is that these “aliens” could also provide us with the instructions on how to send our response in real time and on how to ask further questions to understand more, using neural cells in our own laboratory.
Is this Science fiction?
Of course, all of this is actually science fiction, for now.
But it is not fantasy, because in principle, thanks to the great idea of Dr. Thaheld, the experiment is very feasible: that is, it would be possible to demonstrate scientifically that someone is able to communicate with us using this precise method.
And what do I think about this?
I think that at the moment there is not the slightest shred of scientific proof that things are really like this. But the deepest part of me “knows” that it’s all true, which is motivating for me to try the experiment.
In my book The Hyperspace of Consciousness I talk about this and more, in great detail.
There are those who are very conservative minded, that will vehemently disagree. But I don’t care, because exploration, while always respecting the scientific method serves to push science forward. Which, as I know, has a very high cost: but it is what I want. It is the history of science that teaches this to us.
Some scientists, to get closer to the truth (scientific fact), would be willing to give their lives (but not to sell their soul, in Faustian terms), in order to achieve a result. After all, what is the value of their single life, when perhaps in the Universe we are N billions conscious lives all linked together that do not know how to be so, except maybe for some? Here it would be a question of perhaps waking up many people from ”hibernation.”
Because perhaps, apart from the limitation of the speed of light, and the laws of classical physics, there could be a method by which the Universe could communicate with itself in real time. Physicists such as Wolfgang Pauli and David Bohm had already realized this some time ago.
The article with Dr. Fred Thaheld’s hypothesis is published here: https://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0608/0608285.pdf